How do you do a swimmers X ray?
You take the right arm and take it down by the body and push their shoulder down now we have offset
Why do swimmers view X rays?
Traditionally the Swimmer’s view is used for visualizing the C7-T1 junction. It is used as an adjunct to lateral cervical spine radiographs. The Swimmer’s view is the preferred additional view when the lateral cervical spine radiograph is inadequate (the C7-T1 junction is not clearly visualised).
What is a swimmer’s view in cervical spine?
Cervical spine swimmer’s lateral view is a modified lateral projection of the cervical spine to visualize the C7/T1 junction. As technology advances, computed tomography has replaced this projection, yet there remain many institutions (especially in rural areas) where computed tomography is not readily available.
What is swimmer’s position?
This artifact can be reduced by placing the patient in a “swimmer’s” position, a supine position in which the patient has one arm fully abducted and the other arm lowered. … In nine of 10 patients, swimmer’s CT improved CT quality or accuracy or both over that obtained when the standard CT position was used.
What is Jefferson fracture?
A Jefferson fracture is a bone fracture of the vertebra C1. The vertebra C1 is a bony ring, with two wedge-shaped lateral masses, connected by relatively thin anterior and posterior arches and a transverse ligament. The lateral mass on vertebra C1, who is taller, is directed laterally.
Why is it called a Chance fracture?
A Chance fracture results from a flexion-distraction injury of the spine. Manchester, UK radiologist G.Q. Chance first described this fracture in 1948 as a “horizontal splitting fracture of the spine.” The association between the use of lap seat belts and the Chance fracture was not recognized until the 1960s.
Why is it called a hangman’s fracture?
The hangman’s fracture refers to a break in a bone known as C2, because it is the second bone down from the skull in your cervical (neck) vertebrae.
What is Nexus criteria?
NEXUS (National Emergency X-Radiography Utilization Study) is a set of validated criteria used to decide which trauma patients do not require cervical spine imaging.
Where is Odontoid process found?
The odontoid process (also dens or odontoid peg) is a protuberance (process or projection) of the Axis (second cervical vertebra). It exhibits a slight constriction or neck, where it joins the main body of the vertebra.
What is an Odontoid fracture?
Odontoid Fractures are relatively common fractures of the C2 (axis) dens that can be seen in low energy falls in elderly patients and high energy traumatic injuries in younger patients.
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What is a PEG view?
The odontoid or ‘peg’ projection, also known as the open mouth AP projection (or radiograph), is an AP projection of C1 (atlas) and C2 (axis) with the patient’s mouth open.
How do you read a cervical spine CT?
Space which is a internal. Here basically making sure that each cortex is intact that the routine
Should you cup your hands while swimming?
But the bottom line is you want to keep your hand relaxed. Avoid cupping your hands, squeezing your thumb to your palm or fingers together, or spreading your fingers out wide. A good way to get a feel for this yourself: Scull – put a pull buoy on and scull one length of the pool.
What is the cervicothoracic junction?
The cervicothoracic junction (CTJ) is a unique region in the spine. Biomechanically, it has unique mechanical properties because of the transition between the cervical and the thoracic spine. … The CTJ represents a region that transitions from the fairly mobile cervical spine to the fairly rigid thoracic spine .
Where the spine is situated in the body?
When most people talk about the spinal column, they’re actually referring to the vertebral column: the 24 circular vertebrae that march down the middle of the back. A normal vertebral column creates a graceful, double-S curve when viewed from the side of the body.